The clarinet is a famous instrument from the single-reed woodwind family and has 5 parts which are: the barrel, bell, mouth piece, lower and upper joint. The standard configuration that most students practise on is adjusted to Bb. It is easy to set up and long-lasting, making it popular in schools and musical education organisations. The clarinet has a wide variety of configurations, Eb is being the while contra bass BBb as the lowest. Even though many of the high end variants are made if grenadilla wood, there’s an increasing number of making clarinets from Resin, ABS and plastic as the technology advances.
The saxophone was invented by Adolf Sax in an effort to satisfy the gap between woodwind and brass. It has a potent, warm sound and is available in an array of keys. However, most players start on an Eb Alto Saxophone or a Bb Tenor Saxophone model. This lively instrument is very well-known in jazz, classical and military genres. The saxophone is created with three parts; the body, crook and mouth piece. Even though it is made of brass, saxophone is considered as a woodwind instrument since the sound is produced by an oscillating reed.
The oboe is usually played in the soprano or treble range and often made from wood, though making from synthetic materials is getting more widespread. It generates a cheerful, distinctive sound quality due to its flared bell and conical bore. The Oboe’s reed is fitted straight into the instrument. It is vital to know the distinction between ‘conservatoire’ and ‘thumbplate’ when selecting an oboe for they’re not similar in fingering. Other dual models present a binary system to accommodate both arrangements.
The Cor Anglais is almost like an Oboe but tuned a flawless fifth lower in F and is longer by one a half time. It features a unique pear-shaped bell with a little crook. It also produces a softer sound in contrast to the oboe. This instrument is commonly played within chamber music groups and orchestras. But just recently, jazz musicians like Paul McCandless have begun to integrate Cor Anglais into their music.
The bassoon is a well-known instrument within concert bands, chamber music groups, and orchestras. It is composed of six parts including a wing, bass, bell, and boot joint. It also has a conical bore like the saxophone and oboe which make the tone warmer somewhat like a baritone voice from a man. Symphony orchestras nowadays typically need two to four bassoonists and one of that will be the lead bassoonist who is sometimes asked to play alone in some composition. In addition, a bassoon is a potent bass to woodwind chorale.